BTU Values of Wood Species

btu values of wood species

Wood species type BTU values of a cord burning wood in a wood stove

As you can see from the chart below, the famed red oak is not the highest on the list.
It is surpassed by 13 other varieties that have as much as 37% more BTUs per cord!

This can mean much longer burn times and less loading.
If you have this type of wood available, save it
for those cold, harsh Jan and Feb days.

Avoid Burning softwoods because of the very low BTUs obtained when burning
and some softwoods put out much more creosote.

Our chart of the BTU values of wood species can be found below:

Wood Species Pounds / cord 1,000 BTU’s per cord
Osage Orange (Hedge) 4,728 32.9
Hickory, Shagbark 4,327 27.7
Eastern Hornbeam 4,267 27.3
Ironwood 4,016 27.1
Beech, Blue 3,890 26.8
Birch, Black 3,890 26.8
Locust, Black 3,890 26.8
Hickory, Butternut 3,832 26.7
Locust, Honey 3,832 26.7
Apple 4,100 26.5
Mulberry 3,712 25.8
Oak, White 4,012 25.7
Beech, High 3,757 24
Maple, Sugar 3,757 24
Oak, Red 3,757 24
Ash, White 3,689 23.6
Birch, Yellow 3,689 23.6
Juniper, Rocky Mtn 3,150 21.8
Elm, Red 3,112 21.6
Coffeetree, Kentucky 3,112 21.6
Hackberry 3,247 20.8
Tamarack 3,247 20.8
Birch, Gray 3,179 20.3
Birch, Paper 3,179 20.3
Birch, White 3,179 20.3
Walnut, Black 3,192 20.2
Cherry 3,120 20
Ash, Green 2,880 19.9
Cherry, Black 2,880 19.9
Elm, American 3,052 19.5
Elm, White(Russian, Siberian) 3,052 19.5
Sycamore 2,808 19.5
Ash, Black 2,992 19.1
Maple, Red 2,924 18.7
. . .
Softwoods . .
. . .
Fir, Douglas 2,900 18.1
Boxelder 2,797 17.9
Alder, Red 2,710 17.2
Pine, Jack 2,669 17.1
Pine, Norway 2,669 17.1
Pine, Pitch 2,669 17.1
Catalpa 2,360 16.4
Hemlock 2,482 15.9
Spruce, Black 2,482 15.9
Pine, Ponderosa 2,380 15.2
Aspen 2,290 14.7
Butternut 2,100 14.5
Spruce 2,100 14.5
Willow 2,100 14.5
Fir, Balsam 2,236 14.3
Pine, White (Eastern, Western) 2,236 14.3
Fir, Concolor (White) 2,104 14.1
Basswood 2,108 13.8
Buckeye, Ohio 1,984 13.8
Cottonwood 2,108 13.5
Cedar, White 1,913 12.2

 

Wood Heating Solutions LLC

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